References

Abdo, C. H. N., Oliveira, J. W. M., Moreira, J. E. D., & Fittipaldi, J. A. S. (2004). Prevalence of sexual dysfunctions and correlated conditions in a sample of Brazilian women-results of the Brazilian study on sexual behavior (BSSB). International Journal of Impotence Research, 16(2), 160–166. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901198

Action Canada for Sexual Health & Rights. (2020). The state of sex-ed in Canada. https://www.actioncanadashr.org/resources/reports-analysis/2020-04-03-state-sex-ed-report

Aerts, L., Rubin, R. S., Randazzo, M., Goldstein, S. W., & Goldstein, I. (2018). Retrospective study of the prevalence and risk factors of clitoral adhesions: Women’s health providers should routinely examine the glans clitoris. Sexual Medicine, 6(2), 115–122. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2018.01.003

Albaugh, J. (2014). Female sexual dysfunction. International Journal of Urological Nursing, 8(1), 38–43. https://doi.org/10.1111/ijun.12027

Alberta Health. (n.d.). Alberta wait times reporting. Retrieved October 6, 2020, from http://waittimes.alberta.ca/WaitTimeTrends.jsp

Alberta Health Services. (2019). Find healthcare. Retrieved September 23, 2019, from https://www.albertahealthservices.ca/findhealth/results.aspx?type=service&id=30&locationPostalCode=T1J%200T2&radius=all#contentStart

Alberta Health Services. (n.d.-a). Chinook Regional Hospital: Pelvic floor clinic. Retrieved August 23, 2020, from https://www.albertahealthservices.ca/findhealth/Service.aspx?id=1076741&serviceAtFacilityID=1119536

Alberta Health Services. (n.d.-b). Sexual & reproductive health. Retrieved September 11, 2020, from https://www.albertahealthservices.ca/services/page13737.aspx

Alberta Health Services. (n.d.-c). Teaching sexual health. Retrieved from Internet Archive website: https://web.archive.org/web/20170315171105/http://teachingsexualhealth.ca/

Alberta Learning. (2002a). Career and life management (senior high): Program of studies [PDF]. https://education.alberta.ca/media/160199/calm.pdf

Alberta Learning. (2002b). Career and life management for senior high school: Guide to implementation [PDF]. https://education.alberta.ca/media/1477141/calmgi.pdf

Alberta Learning. (2002c). Health and life skills for kindergarten to grade 9: Guide to implementation [PDF]. https://education.alberta.ca/media/1477143/healthgi.pdf

Alberta Learning. (2002d). Health and life skills kindergarten to grade 9: Program of studies  [PDF]. https://education.alberta.ca/media/160196/health.pdf

Alberta Urology Institute. (n.d.). General patient information. Retrieved October 5, 2020, from https://www.aburologyinstitute.com/general/index.asp

Alexander, M. G., & Fisher, T. D. (2003). Truth and consequences: Using the bogus pipeline to examine sex differences in self-reported sexuality. The Journal of Sex Research: Gender and Sexuality, 40(1), 27–35. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490309552164

Althof, S. E., Leiblum, S. R., Chevret-Measson, M., Hartmann, U., Levine, S. B., McCabe, M., Plaut, M., Rodrigues, O., & Wylie, K. (2005). Psychological and interpersonal dimensions of sexual function and dysfunction. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 2(6), 793–800. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2005.00145.x

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Sexual dysfunctions. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). Author. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.dsm13

American Psychological Association. (2019). Standards of accreditation for health service psychology and accreditation operating procedures. Retrieved July 1, 2020, from https://irp-cdn.multiscreensite.com/a14f9462/files/uploaded/APA-Principles-Accreditation-SoA-AOP_200124.pdf

Andrejek, N., & Fetner, T. (2019). The gender gap in orgasms: Survey data from a mid-sized Canadian city. International Journal of Sexual Health, 31(1), 26–35. https://doi.org/10.1080/19317611.2018.1563014

Armstrong, E. A., England, P., & Fogarty, A. C. K. (2012). Accounting for women’s orgasm and sexual enjoyment in college hookups and relationships. American Sociological Review, 77(3), 435–462. https://doi.org/10.1177/0003122412445802

Aslan, E., & Fynes, M. (2008). Female sexual dysfunction. International Urogynecology Journal, 19(2), 293–305. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-007-0436-3

Aswath, M., Pandit, L. V., Kashyap, K., & Ramnath, R. (2016). Persistent genital arousal disorder. Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine, 38(4), 341–343. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.185942

Atallah, S., Johnson-Agbakwu, C., Rosenbaum, T., Abdo, C., Byers, E. S., Graham, C., Nobre, P., Wylie, K., & Brotto, L. (2016). Ethical and sociocultural aspects of sexual function and dysfunction in both sexes. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(4), 591–606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.01.021

Ayling, K., & Ussher, J. M. (2008). “If sex hurts, am I still a woman?” The subjective experience of vulvodynia in hetero-sexual women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 37(2), 294–304. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-007-9204-1

Azar, M., Bradbury‐Jones, C., & Kroll, T. (2013). Patterns of help‐seeking in women when problems arise in their sexual life: A discussion paper. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22(23–24), 3587–3596. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocn.12374

Bailey, J. V., Farquhar, C., Owen, C., & Whittaker, D. (2003). Sexual behaviour of lesbians and bisexual women. Sexually Transmitted Infections, 79(2), 147–150. https://doi.org/10.1136/sti.79.2.147

Balon, R. (2017). Burden of sexual dysfunction. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 43(1), 49–55. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2015.1113597

Bancroft, J. (1999). Central inhibition of sexual response in the male: A theoretical perspective. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 23(6), 763–784. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0149-7634(99)00019-6

Bancroft, J., Graham, C. A., Janssen, E., & Sanders, S. A. (2009). The Dual Control Model: Current status and future directions. The Journal of Sex Research, 46(2–3), 121–142. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490902747222

Barbach, L. G. (2000). For yourself: The fulfillment of female sexuality (revised and updated). Penguin Publishing Group.

Barmak, S. (2016, October 27). The uncomplicated truth about women’s sexuality [Video]. TEDxToronto. https://www.ted.com/talks/sarah_barmak_the_uncomplicated_truth_about_women_s_sexuality?language=en

Barrett, M., McKay, A., Dickson, C., Seto, J., Fisher, W., Read, R., Steben, M., Gale-Rowe, M., & Wong, T. (2012). Sexual health curriculum and training in Canadian medical schools: A study of family medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology and undergraduate medicine programs in 2011 with comparisons to 1996. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 21(2), 63–73. https://search.proquest.com/openview/d12989dd856da6669a537685173fdde3/

Basson, R. (2000). The female sexual response: A different model. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 26(1), 51–65. https://doi.org/10.1080/009262300278641

Basson, R. (2001). Female sexual response: The role of drugs in the management of sexual dysfunction. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 98(2), 350. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0029-7844(01)01452-1

Basson, R. (2005). Women’s sexual dysfunction: Revised and expanded definitions. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 172(10), 1327–1333. https://doi.org/10.1503/cmaj.1020174

Basson, R. (2006). Sexual desire and arousal disorders in women. The New England Journal of Medicine, 354(14), 1497–1506. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMcp050154

Basson, R., Berman, J., Burnett, A., Derogatis, L., Ferguson, D., Fourcroy, J., Goldstein, I., Graziottin, A., Heiman, J., & Laan, E. (2000). Report of the international consensus development conference on female sexual dysfunction: Definitions and classifications. The Journal of Urology, 163(3), 888–893. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5347(05)67828-7

Beaber, T. E., & Werner, P. D. (2009). The relationship between anxiety and sexual functioning in lesbians and heterosexual women. Journal of Homosexuality, 56(5), 639–654. https://doi.org/10.1080/00918360903005303

Behboodi Moghadam, Z., Rezaei, E., Khaleghi Yalegonbadi, F., Montazeri, A., Arzaqi, S. M., Tavakol, Z., & Yari, F. (2015). The effect of sexual health education program on women sexual function in Iran. Journal of Research in Health Sciences, 15(2), 124. http://eprints.skums.ac.ir/6051/1/92.pdf

Bell, J. (2018, January 9). Masturbation: Common questions and misconceptions. Clue. https://helloclue.com/articles/sex/masturbation-common-questions-misconceptions

Bergvall, L., & Himelein, M. J. (2014). Attitudes toward seeking help for sexual dysfunctions among US and Swedish college students. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 29(2), 215–228. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681994.2013.860222

Berman, L., Berman, J., Felder, S., Pollets, D., Chhabra, S., Miles, M., & Powell, J. A. (2003). Seeking help for sexual function complaints: What gynecologists need to know about the female patient’s experience. Fertility and Sterility, 79(3), 572–576. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-0282(02)04695-2

Biblical Gender Roles. (2018, December 20). Why a wife should endure painful sex with her husband [Blog post]. Biblical Gender Roles. https://biblicalgenderroles.com/2018/12/20/why-a-wife-should-endure-painful-sex-with-her-husband/

Blair, B., Arnow, B. A., Haas, A., & Millheiser, L. (2013). Improving women’s sexual health: A quantitative evaluation of an educational intervention for healthcare professionals. Sex Education: Sexuality, Society and Learning, 13(5), 535–547. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2013.771774

Blair, K. L., Cappell, J., & Pukall, C. F. (2017). Not all orgasms were created equal: Differences in frequency and satisfaction of orgasm experiences by sexual activity in same-sex versus mixed-sex relationships. The Journal of Sex Research, 55(6), 719–733. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2017.1303437

Boatman, B. [@txsensualhealth]. (2020, June 18). ditto. As a sex therapist I’m also constantly enraged by the things I hear from my clients that docs said. [Tweet]. Twitter. Retrieved June 18, 2020, from https://twitter.com/txsensualhealth/status/1273702742968750081

Bornstein, J., Goldstein, A., & Coady, D. (2015). 2015 Consensus terminology and classification of persistent vulvar pain [PDF]. https://www.isswsh.org/images/PDF/Consensus_Terminology_of_Vulvar_Pain.pdf

Bornstein, J., Goldstein, A. T., Stockdale, C. K., Bergeron, S., Pukall, C., Zolnoun, D., & Coady, D. (2016). 2015 ISSVD, ISSWSH and IPPS consensus terminology and classification of persistent vulvar pain and vulvodynia. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 127(4), 745–751. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000001359

Braun, V., & Kitzinger, C. (2001). “Snatch,” “Hole,” or “Honey-pot”? Semantic categories and the problem of nonspecificity in female genital slang. The Journal of Sex Research, 38(2), 146–158. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490109552082

Breyer, B. N., Smith, J. F., Eisenberg, M. L., Ando, K. A., Rowen, T. S., & Shindel, A. W. (2010). The impact of sexual orientation on sexuality and sexual practices in North American medical students. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7(7), 2391–2400. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.01794.x

Brock, G., Moreira Jr., E. D., Glasser, D. B., Gingell, C., & GSSAB Investigators’ Group. (2006). Sexual disorders and associated help-seeking behaviors in Canada. The Canadian Journal of Urology, 13(1), 2953–2961. https://www.canjurol.com/

Brock, L. J., & Jennings, G. H. (1993). Sexuality education: What daughters in their 30s wish their mothers had told them. Family Relations, 42(1), 61–65. https://doi.org/10.2307/584923

Brotto, L. A. (2010). The DSM diagnostic criteria for hypoactive sexual desire disorder in women. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(2), 221–239. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-009-9543-1

Brotto, L. A., Heiman, J. R., & Tolman, D. L. (2009). Narratives of desire in mid-age women with and without arousal difficulties. The Journal of Sex Research, 46(5), 387–398. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490902792624

Brotto, L. A., Knudson, G., Inskip, J., Rhodes, K., & Erskine, Y. (2010). Asexuality: A mixed-methods approach. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(3), 599–618. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-008-9434-x

Brotto, L. A., Yong, P., Smith, K. B., & Sadownik, L. A. (2015). Impact of a multidisciplinary vulvodynia program on sexual functioning and dyspareunia. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 12(1), 238–247. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12718

Burd, I. D., Nevadunsky, N., & Bachmann, G. (2006). Impact of physician gender on sexual history taking in a multispecialty practice. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 3(2), 194–200. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2005.00168.x

Burnes, T. R., Singh, A. A., & Witherspoon, R. G. (2017). Graduate counseling psychology training in sex and sexuality: An exploratory analysis. The Counseling Psychologist, 45(4), 504–527. https://doi.org/10.1177/0011000017714765

Byrd, J. E., Hyde, J. S., DeLamater, J. D., & Plant, E. A. (1998). Sexuality during pregnancy and the year postpartum. The Journal of Family Practice, 47(4), 143–151. https://www.jstor.org/stable/3813687

Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association. (2019). Certification guide. Retrieved June 30, 2020, from https://www.ccpa-accp.ca/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/CertificationGuide_EN_APRIL2019-1.pdf

Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, & Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. (2014). Tri-council policy statement: Ethical conduct for research involving humans (2nd ed.). http://www.pre.ethics.gc.ca/pdf/eng/tcps2-2014/TCPS_2_FINAL_Web.pdf

Carroll, J. L. (2018). Sexuality now: Embracing diversity. Cengage Learning.

Carter, A., Ford, J. V., Luetke, M., Fu, T.-c. J., Townes, A., Hensel, D. J., Dodge, B., & Herbenick, D. (2019). “Fulfilling his needs, not mine”: Reasons for not talking about painful sex and associations with lack of pleasure in a nationally representative sample of women in the United States. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 16(12), 1953–1965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.08.016

Cassano, O. (2018, February 28). Not all women masturbate, and that’s fine: 6 women tell us why they don’t. Metro. https://metro.co.uk/2018/02/28/not-all-women-masturbate-and-thats-fine-6-women-tell-us-why-they-dont-7335394/

Chadwick, S. B., & van Anders, S. M. (2017). Do women’s orgasms function as a masculinity achievement for men? The Journal of Sex Research, 54(9), 1141–1152. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2017.1283484

Chalker, R. (2018). The clitoral truth. Seven Stories Press.

Chew, P. Y., Choy, C. L., Sidi, H. B., Abdullah, N., Che Roos, N. A., Salleh Sahimi, H. M., Abdul Samad, F. D., & Ravindran, A. (2021). The association between female sexual dysfunction and sexual dysfunction in the male partner: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 18(1), 99–112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.10.001

Chivers, M. L., Seto, M. C., Lalumière, M. L., Laan, E., & Grimbos, T. (2010, 2010/02/01). Agreement of self-reported and genital measures of sexual arousal in men and women: A meta-analysis. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 39(1), 5–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-009-9556-9

Christopher, F. S., & Sprecher, S. (2000). Sexuality in marriage, dating, and other relationships: A decade review. Journal of Marriage and Family, 62(4), 999–1017. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-3737.2000.00999.x

Ciarrocchi, J. W. (1993). A minister’s handbook of mental disorders. Paulist Press.

Coleman, E. M., Hoon, P. W., & Hoon, E. F. (1983). Arousability and sexual satisfaction in lesbian and heterosexual women. The Journal of Sex Research, 19(1), 58–73. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224498309551169

College of Alberta Psychologists. (2017). Criteria for evaluating academic credentials. Retrieved June 30, 2020, from https://www.cap.ab.ca/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=_oGXACieTOY%3d&portalid=0

Connor, J. J., Robinson, B., & Wieling, E. (2008). Vulvar pain: A phenomenological study of couples in search of effective diagnosis and treatment. Family Process, 47(2), 139–155. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1545-5300.2008.00245.x

Cordes, C. C., Mona, L. R., Syme, M. L., Cameron, R. P., & Smith, K. (2013). Sexuality and sexual health among women with physical disabilities. In D. Castañeda (Ed.), The essential handbook of women’s sexuality (Vol. 2, pp. 71–92). Praeger.

Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (2011a). Perspectives on sexuality. In Our sexuality (11th ed., pp. 1–27). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Crooks, R., & Baur, K. (2011b). Sexual arousal and response. In Our sexuality (11th ed., pp. 144–179). Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Davis, S. R., & Braunstein, G. D. (2012). Efficacy and safety of testosterone in the management of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in postmenopausal women. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9(4), 1134–1148. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02634.x

Davison, J. (2013). Gaining intimate citizenship: Sexuality and women with enduring mental illness. In D. Castañeda (Ed.), The essential handbook of women’s sexuality (Vol. 2, pp. 293–309). Praeger.

Dennerstein, L., Dudley, E., & Burger, H. (2001). Are changes in sexual functioning during midlife due to aging or menopause? Fertility and Sterility, 76(3), 456–460. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0015-0282(01)01978-1

DeRogatis, L. R., Sand, M., Balon, R., Rosen, R., & Parish, S. J. (2016). Toward a more evidence-based nosology and nomenclature for female sexual dysfunctions—Part I. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(12), 1881–1887. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.09.014

Dhand, S. (2015, October 10). Why we need to stop calling physicians “providers”. KevinMD. https://www.kevinmd.com/blog/2015/10/why-we-need-to-stop-calling-physicians-providers.html

Di Marino, V., & Lepidi, H. (2014). Anatomic study of the clitoris and the bulbo-clitoral organ. Springer.

Dodson, B. (2002). Orgasms for two: The joy of partnersex. Harmony Books.

Dodson, B. (2015). Masturbation. In P. Whelehan & A. Bolin (Eds.), The international encyclopedia of human sexuality (1st ed.). Wiley. http://ezproxy.uleth.ca/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/wileyhs/masturbation/0?institutionId=2649

Donaghue, C. (2015). Sex outside the lines: Authentic sexuality in a sexually dysfunctional culture. Benbella Books.

Donaldson, R. L., & Meana, M. (2011). Early dyspareunia experience in young women: Confusion, consequences, and help‐seeking barriers. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 8(3), 814–823. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02150.x

Dording, C. M., & Sangermano, L. (2018). Female sexual dysfunction: Natural and complementary treatments. Focus 16(1), 19–23. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.focus.20170049

Ehrenreich, B., & English, D. (2005). The sexual politics of sickness. In For her own good: Two centuries of the experts’ advice to women (2nd ed., pp. 111–154). Anchor Books.

Elbay, R. Y. (2017). Female patients with sexual dysfunction: An experience in a general psychiatry outpatient clinic. Klinik Psikofarmakoloji Bulteni, 27(1), 219–220. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-5545.148522

Ellsworth, R. M., & Bailey, D. H. (2013). Human female orgasm as evolved signal: A test of two hypotheses. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42(8), 1545–1554. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-013-0152-7

Etaugh, C. (2013). Women and sexuality in the middle and later years. In D. Castañeda (Ed.), The essential handbook of women’s sexuality (Vol. 1, pp. 125–139). Praeger.

Faubion, S. S., & Rullo, J. E. (2015). Sexual dysfunction in women: A practical approach. American Family Physician, 92(4), 281–288. http://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p281.html

Febos, M. (2021, March 31). I spent my life consenting to touch I didn’t want. The New York Times Magazine. https://www.nytimes.com/2021/03/31/magazine/consent.html

Federation of Feminist Women’s Health Centers. (1991). A new view of a woman’s body: A fully illustrated guide. Feminist Press.

Feldhaus-Dahir, M. (2009). Female sexual dysfunction: Barriers to treatment. Urologic Nursing, 29(2), 81–85. http://www.tuleoffice.com/images/editor/File/pdf/book/IMPOTENCY/38714459-web.pdf

Fine, M. (1988). Sexuality, schooling, and adolescent females: The missing discourse of desire. Harvard Educational Review, 58(1), 29–53. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.58.1.u0468k1v2n2n8242

Fine, M., & McClelland, S. I. (2006). Sexuality education and desire: Still missing after all these years. Harvard Educational Review, 76(3), 297–338. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.76.3.w5042g23122n6703

Frederick, D. A., John, H. K. S., Garcia, J. R., & Lloyd, E. A. (2017). Differences in orgasm frequency among gay, lesbian, bisexual, and heterosexual men and women in a U.S. national sample. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 47(1), 273–288. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-017-0939-z

Frederick, D. A., Lever, J., Gillespie, B. J., & Garcia, J. R. (2017). What keeps passion alive? Sexual satisfaction is associated with sexual communication, mood setting, sexual variety, oral sex, orgasm, and sex frequency in a aational U.S. study. The Journal of Sex Research, 54(2), 186–201. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2015.1137854

Freud, S. (1905). Three essays on the theory of sexuality. Verso Books.

Freud, S. (1961). Female sexuality. In J. Strachey (Ed.), The standard edition of the complete psychological works of Sigmund Freud (Vol. 21, pp. 225–243). Hogarth Press.

Fronek, P., Kendall, M., Booth, S., Eugarde, E., & Geraghty, T. (2010). A longitudinal study of sexuality training for the interdisciplinary rehabilitation team. Sexuality and Disability, 29(2), 87–100. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-010-9177-1

Fugl-Meyer, A. R., & Fugl-Meyer, K. S. (2005). Prevalence data in Europe. In I. Goldstein, C. M. Meston, S. Davis, & A. Traish (Eds.), Women’s sexual function and dysfunction: Study, diagnosis and treatment (pp. 34–41). CRC Press.

Garcia, J. R., Lloyd, E. A., Wallen, K., & Fisher, H. E. (2014). Variation in orgasm occurrence by sexual orientation in a sample of U.S. singles. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 11(11), 2645–2652. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12669

Gates, E. A., & Galask, R. P. (2001). Psychological and sexual functioning in women with vulvar vestibulitis. Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynecology, 22(4), 221–228. https://doi.org/10.3109/01674820109049977

Gavey, N., McPhillips, K., & Braun, V. (1999). Interruptus coitus: Heterosexuals accounting for intercourse. Sexualities, 2(1), 35–68. https://doi.org/10.1177/136346099002001003

Giatti, S., Diviccaro, S., Panzica, G., & Melcangi, R. C. (2018). Post-finasteride syndrome and post-SSRI sexual dysfunction: two sides of the same coin? Endocrine, 61(2), 180–193. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1593-5

Giles, K. R., & McCabe, M. P. (2009). Conceptualizing women’s sexual function: Linear vs. circular models of sexual response. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6(10), 2761–2771. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01425.x

Goldmeier, D., Malik, F., Phillips, R., & Green, J. (2004). Cost implications of sexual dysfunction: The female picture. International Journal of Impotence Research, 16(2), 130–134. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901179

Goldstein, I., Clayton, A. H., Goldstein, A. T., Kim, N. N., & Kingsberg, S. A. (2018). Textbook of female sexual function and dysfunction: Diagnosis and treatment. John Wiley & Sons.

Goldstein, I., Komisaruk, B. R., Rubin, R. S., Goldstein, S. W., Elliott, S., Kissee, J., & Kim, C. W. (2017). A novel collaborative protocol for successful management of penile pain mediated by radiculitis of sacral spinal nerve roots trom Tarlov cysts. Sexual Medicine, 5(3), e203–e211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2017.04.001

Gott, M. (2004). “Opening a can of worms”: GP and practice nurse barriers to talking about sexual health in primary care. Family Practice, 21(5), 528–536. https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmh509

Gott, M., & Hinchliff, S. (2003). Barriers to seeking treatment for sexual problems in primary care: A qualitative study with older people. Family Practice, 20(6), 690–695. https://doi.org/10.1093/fampra/cmg612

Government of Alberta. (n.d., 2021). Health care services covered in Alberta. Retrieved May 6, 2021, from https://www.alberta.ca/ahcip-what-is-covered.aspx

Graham, C. A., Sanders, S. A., Milhausen, R. R., & McBride, K. R. (2004). Turning on and turning off: A focus group study of the factors that affect women’s sexual arousal. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 33(6), 527–538. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:ASEB.0000044737.62561.fd

Graziottin, A. (2008). Dyspareunia and vaginismus: Review of the literature and treatment. Current Sexual Health Reports, 5(1), 43–50. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11930-008-0008-7

Grey, E. (2020, October 17). When antidepressants leave lasting damage: Living with post-SSRI/SNRI sexual dysfunction. A Blot About Sex, Relationships, and Health. https://www.sexlab.ca/blog/2020/10/17/when-antidepressants-leave-lasting-damage-living-with-post-ssrisnri-sexual-dysfunction

Gunter, J. (2019). The vagina bible: The vulva and the vagina—separating the myth from the medicine. Citadel Press.

Haavio-Mannila, E., & Kontula, O. (1997). Correlates of increased sexual satisfaction. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 26(4), 399–419. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1024591318836

Hanzlik, M. P., & Gaubatz, M. (2012). Clinical PsyD trainees’ comfort discussing sexual issues with clients. American Journal of Sexuality Education, 7(3), 219–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/15546128.2012.707080

Hayes, R. D. (2011). Circular and linear modeling of female sexual desire and arousal. The Journal of Sex Research, 48(2–3), 130–141. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2010.548611

Healthwise Staff. (n.d.). Sexual problems in women. Retrieved August 21, 2020, from https://myhealth.alberta.ca/health/pages/conditions.aspx?Hwid=uh1854

Healy, D. (2019). Post-SSRI sexual dysfunction & other enduring sexual dysfunctions. Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences, 29, e55. https://doi.org/10.1017/S2045796019000519

Healy, D. (2020). Antidepressants and sexual dysfunction: A history. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, 113(4), 133–135. https://doi.org/10.1177/0141076819899299

Healy, D., Le Noury, J., & Mangin, D. (2018). Enduring sexual dysfunction after treatment with antidepressants, 5α-reductase inhibitors and isotretinoin: 300 cases. The International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 29(3–4), 125–134. https://doi.org/10.3233/JRS-180744

Healy, D., Le Noury, J., & Mangin, D. (2019). Post-SSRI sexual dysfunction: Patient experiences of engagement with healthcare professionals. The International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 30(3), 167–178. https://doi.org/10.3233/JRS-191005

Heiman, J. R., & Meston, C. M. (1997). Empirically validated treatment for sexual dysfunction. Annual Review of Sex Research, 8(1), 148–195. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11930-016-0088-8

Hengartner, M. P., Schulthess, L., Sorensen, A., & Framer, A. (2020). Protracted withdrawal syndrome after stopping antidepressants: a descriptive quantitative analysis of consumer narratives from a large internet forum. Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology, 10, 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1177/2045125320980573

Hensley, P. L., & Nurnberg, H. G. (2002). SSRI sexual dysfunction: A female perspective. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 28(sup1), 143–153. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926230252851267

Herbenick, D., Bowling, J., Fu, T. J., Dodge, B., Guerra-Reyes, L., & Sanders, S. (2017). Sexual diversity in the United States: Results from a nationally representative probability sample of adult women and men. PLoS One, 12(7), e0181198. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181198

Herbenick, D., Fu, T.-C., Arter, J., Sanders, S. A., & Dodge, B. (2018). Women’s experiences with genital touching, sexual pleasure, and orgasm: Results from a U.S. probability sample of women ages 18 to 94. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 44(2), 201–212. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2017.1346530

Herbenick, D., Reece, M., Sanders, S., Dodge, B., Ghassemi, A., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2009). Prevalence and characteristics of vibrator use by women in the United States: Results from a nationally representative study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6(7), 1857–1866. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01318.x

Herbenick, D., Reece, M., Schick, V., Sanders, S. A., Dodge, B., & Fortenberry, J. D. (2010). Sexual behavior in the United States: Results from a national probability sample of men and women ages 14–94. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 7, 255–265. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02012.x

Higgins, A., Sharek, D., Nolan, M., Sheerin, B., Flanagan, P., Slaicuinaite, S., Mc Donnell, S., & Walsh, H. (2012). Mixed methods evaluation of an interdisciplinary sexuality education programme for staff working with people who have an acquired physical disability. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 68(11), 2559–2569. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.05959.x

Higgins, J. A., Mullinax, M., Trussell, J., Davidson, S. J. K., & Moore, N. B. (2011). Sexual satisfaction and sexual health among university students in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 101(9), 1643–1654. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2011.300154

Hinchliff, S., Gott, M., & Galena, E. (2004). GPs’ perceptions of the gender-related barriers to discussing sexual health in consultations: A qualitative study. European Journal of General Practice, 10(2), 56–60. https://doi.org/10.3109/13814780409094233

Hite, S. (2004). The Hite report: A nationwide study of female sexuality. Seven Stories Press.

Hoare, B. S., & Khan, Y. S. (2020). Anatomy, abdomen and pelvis, female internal genitalia. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK554601/

Humphreys, T. (2017). The state of Canadian sexuality education. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(5), e231. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.04.116

Hunter, S. (2014). Female sexual dysfunction or not konwing how to ask for what feels good? The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/female-sexual-dysfunction-or-not-knowing-how-to-ask-for-what-feels-good-34651

Hurlbert, D. F., Apt, C., & Rabehl, S. M. (1993). Key variables to understanding female sexual satisfaction: An examination of women in nondistressed marriages. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 19(2), 154–165. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926239308404899

Hurlbert, D. F., White, L. C., Powell, R. D., & Apt, C. (1993). Orgasm consistency training in the treatment of women reporting hypoactive sexual desire: An outcome comparison of women-only groups and couples-only groups. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 24(1), 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7916(93)90003-F

Ibine, B., Sefakor Ametepe, L., Okere, M., & Anto-Ocrah, M. (2020). “I did not know it was a medical condition”: Predictors, severity and help seeking behaviors of women with female sexual dysfunction in the Volta region of Ghana. PloS One, 15(1), 1–25. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0226404

Jackowich, R. A., Boyer, S. C., Bienias, S., Chamberlain, S., & Pukall, C. F. (2021). Healthcare experiences of individuals with persistent genital arousal disorder/genito-pelvic dysesthesia. Sexual Medicine, 9(3), 100335. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.esxm.2021.100335

Jackowich, R. A., & Pukall, C. F. (2020a). Persistent genital arousal disorder: A biopsychosocial framework. Current Sexual Health Reports, 12(3), 127–135. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11930-020-00268-2

Jackowich, R. A., & Pukall, C. F. (2020b). Prevalence of persistent penital arousal disorder in 2 North American samples. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 17(12), 2408–2416. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.09.004

Jackowich, R. A., Pukall, C. F., & Goldstein, I. (2021). Persistent genital arousal disorder. In A. T. Goldstein (Ed.), Female Sexual Pain Disorders: Evaluation and Management (2nd ed.). John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Jackson, G. (2019, November 13). The female problem: How male bias in medical trials ruined women’s health. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2019/nov/13/the-female-problem-male-bias-in-medical-trials

Jackson, M. (1984). Sex research and the construction of sexuality: A tool of male supremacy? Women’s Studies International Forum, 7(1), 43–51. https://doi.org/10.1016/0277-5395(84)90083-9

Jadan, P. (2016, March). Tight does not equal strong. Retrieved March 22, 2021, from https://thrivenowphysio.com/tight-does-not-equal-strong/

Jannini, E. A., Buisson, O., & Rubio-Casillas, A. (2014). Beyond the G-spot: Clitourethrovaginal complex anatomy in female orgasm. Nature Reviews Urology, 11(9), 531–538. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrurol.2014.193

Jannini, E. A., Wise, N., Frangos, E., & Komisaruk, B. R. (2018). Peripheral and central neural bases of orgasm. In I. Goldstein, A. H. Clayton, A. T. Goldstein, N. N. Kim, & S. A. Kingsberg (Eds.), Textbook of female sexual function and dysfunction: Diagnosis and treatment (pp. 179–198). John Wiley & Sons.

Jantos, M., & White, G. (1997). The vestibulitis syndrome. Medical and psychosexual assessment of a cohort of patients. The Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 42(3), 145–152.

Jawed-Wessel, S. (2016, October 8). The lies we tell pregnant women. TEDxOmaha. https://www.ted.com/talks/sofia_jawed_wessel_the_lies_we_tell_pregnant_women

Jones, H. W., & Rock, J. A. (2015). Te Linde’s operative gynecology (11th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

Kaplan, H. S. (1979). Disorders of sexual desire and other new concepts and techniques in sex therapy. Brunner/Mazel.

Karney, B. R., & Bradbury, T. N. (1995). The longitudinal course of marital quality and stability: A review of theory, method, and research. Psychological Bulletin, 118(1), 3–34. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.118.1.3

Katz, S. R. (1995). The experience of chronic vulvar pain: Psychosocial dimensions and the sense of self (Publication Number 304260795) [Doctoral dissertation, The Fielding Institute]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I.

Kaviani, M., Rahnavard, T., Azima, S., Emamghoreishi, M., Asadi, N., & Sayadi, M. (2014). The effect of education on sexual health of women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 2(2), 94–102.

Kelly, M. P., Strassberg, D. S., & Turner, C. M. (2004). Communication and associated relationship issues in female anorgasmia. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 30(4), 263–276. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926230490422403

Kerner, I. (2010). She comes first: The thinking man’s guide to pleasuring a woman. HarperCollins Publishers.

Khajehei, M., Doherty, M., & Tilley, P. J. M. (2015). An update on sexual function and dysfunction in women [Report]. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 18(3), 423–433. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00737-015-0535-y

Kingsberg, S. (2020, March 5-8). NAMS lecture: Sex, drugs, and rock and roll [Conference session]. ISSWSH Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, United States. http://www.isswshmeeting.org

Kingsberg, S. A. (2014). Attitudinal survey of women living with low sexual desire. Journal of Women’s Health, 23(10), 817–823. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2014.4743

Kingsberg, S. A., & Althof, S. E. (2018). Psychological management of hypoactive sexual desire disorder. In I. Goldstein, A. H. Clayton, A. T. Goldstein, N. N. Kim, & S. A. Kingsberg (Eds.), Textbook of female sexual function and dysfunction: Diagnosis and treatment (pp. 53–57). John Wiley & Sons.

Kingsberg, S. A., & Rezaee, R. L. (2013). Hypoactive sexual desire in women. Menopause, 20(12), 1284–1300. https://doi.org/10.1097/gme.0000000000000131

Kinsey, A. C., Pomeroy, W. B., Martin, C. E., & Gabhard, P. H. (1953). Sexual behavior in the human female. Saunders.

Komisaruk, B. R., & Lee, H. J. (2012). Prevalence of sacral spinal (Tarlov) cysts in persistent genital arousal disorder. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 9(8), 2047–2056. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2012.02765.x

Kreinin, T. (2002). Pleasure is ultimate secret of sexuality. SIECUS Report, 30(4), 5–6.

Laan, E., & Both, S. (2008). What makes women experience desire? Feminism & Psychology, 18(4), 505–514. https://doi.org/10.1177/0959353508095533

Laan, E., & Rellini, A. H. (2011). Can we treat anorgasmia in women? The challenge to experiencing pleasure. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 26(4), 329–341. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681994.2011.649691

Laumann, E. O., Gagnon, J. H., Michael, R. T., & Michaels, S. (1994). The social organization of sexuality: Sexual practices in the United States. University of Chicago Press.

Laumann, E. O., Glasser, D. B., Neves, R. C. S., Moreira, E. D., Jr., & GSSAB Investigators’ Group. (2009). A population-based survey of sexual activity, sexual problems and associated help-seeking behavior patterns in mature adults in the United States of America [Survey]. International Journal of Impotence Research, 21(3), 171–178. https://doi.org/10.1038/ijir.2009.7

Laumann, E. O., Paik, A., Glasser, D. B., Kang, J.-H., Wang, T., Levinson, B., Moreira Jr, E. D., Nicolosi, A., & Gingell, C. (2006). A cross-national study of subjective sexual well-being among older women and men: Findings from the Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 35(2), 143–159. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-005-9005-3

Laumann, E. O., Paik, A., & Rosen, R. C. (1999). Sexual dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and predictors. Journal of the American Medical Association, 281(6), 537–544. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.281.6.537

Lawrance, K.-A., & Byers, E. S. (1995). Sexual satisfaction in long-term heterosexual relationships: The interpersonal exchange model of sexual satisfaction. Personal Relationships, 2(4), 267–285. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-6811.1995.tb00092.x

Leiblum, S. R. (2001). An established medical school human sexuality curriculum: Description and evaluation. Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 16(1), 59–70. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681990020021566

Lerner, H. E. (1976). Parental mislabeling of female genitals as a determinant of penis envy and learning inhibitions in women. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 24(5 Suppl.), 269–283.

LeVay, S., Baldwin, J. I., & Baldwin, J. D. (2019). Discovering human sexuality (4th ed.). Sinauer Associates.

Levesque, R. J. R. (2011). Masturbation. In R. J. R. Levesque (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Adolescence (Vol. 3, pp. 1654–1655). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-1695-2_565

Levin, R. J. (2019). The clitoris—An appraisal of its reproductive function during the fertile years: Why was it, and still is, overlooked in accounts of female sexual arousal. Clinical Anatomy, 33(1), 136–145. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.23498

Levin, R. J., & van Berlo, W. (2004). Sexual arousal and orgasm in subjects who experience forced or non-consensual sexual stimulation – a review. Journal of Clinical Forensic Medicine, 11(2), 82–88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcfm.2003.10.008

Levy, M. (2010). Man, Woman [Sculpture]. http://bjdejong.squarespace.com/blog/tag/miller-levy

Lindau, S. T., Schumm, L. P., Laumann, E. O., Levinson, W., O’Muircheartaigh, C. A., & Waite, L. J. (2007). A study of sexuality and health among older adults in the United States. The New England Journal of Medicine, 357(8), 762–774. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa067423

Lindberg, L. D., Maddow-Zimet, I., & Boonstra, H. (2016). Changes in adolescents’ receipt of sex education, 2006–2013. Journal of Adolescent Health, 58(6), 621–627. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.02.004

Lips, H. M. (2020). Sexual lives and orientations. In Sex and gender: An introduction (pp. 265–320). Waveland Press, Inc.

Lloyd, E. A. (2005). The case of the female orgasm: Bias in the science of evolution. Harvard University Press.

Loofbourow, L. (2018, January 25). The female price of male pleasure. The Week. https://theweek.com/articles/749978/female-price-male-pleasure

Lou, W.-J., Chen, B., Zhu, L., Han, S.-M., Xu, T., Lang, J.-H., & Zhang, L. (2017). Prevalence and factors associated with female sexual dysfunction in Beijing, China. 中华医学杂志:英文版 (Chinese Medical Journal), 130(12), 1389–1394. https://doi.org/10.4103/0366-6999.207466

MacNeil, S., & Byers, E. S. (1997). The relationships between sexual problems, communication, and sexual satisfaction. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 6(4), 277–283.

Marcus, B. S. (2011). Changes in a woman’s sexual experience and expectations following the introduction of electric vibrator assistance. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 8(12), 3398–3406. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2010.02132.x

Martz, G. (2004). Masturbation. In S. Loue & M. Sajatovic (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Women’s Health (pp. 396–397). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. http://ezproxy.uleth.ca/login?url=https://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/sprwh/masturbation/0?institutionId=2649

Marwick, C. (1999). Survey says patients expect little physician help on sex. Journal of the American Medical Association, 281(23), 2173–2174. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.281.23.2171c

Masheb, R. M., Brondolo, E., & Kerns, R. D. (2002). A multidimensional, case‐control study of women with self‐identified chronic vulvar pain. Pain Medicine, 3(3), 253–259. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1526-4637.2002.02032.x

Masters, W. H., & Johnson, V. E. (1966). Human sexual response (1st ed.). Little, Brown.

Masters, W. H., & Johnson, V. E. (1970). Human sexual inadequacy (1st ed.). Little, Brown.

Matlin, M. W. (2012). The psychology of women (7th ed.). Wadsworth.

McCabe, M. P., Sharlip, I. D., Atalla, E., Balon, R., Fisher, A. D., Laumann, E., Lee, S. W., Lewis, R., & Segraves, R. T. (2016). Definitions of sexual dysfunctions in women and men: A consensus statement from the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine 2015. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(2), 135–143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2015.12.019

McClelland, S. I. (2009). Intimate justice: Sexual satisfaction in young adults (Publication Number UMI Microform 3365820) The City University of New York]. ProQuest Dissertations & Theses A&I. New York, NY.

McCool, M. E., Apfelbacher, C., Brandstetter, S., Mottl, M., & Loss, J. (2016). Diagnosing and treating female sexual dysfunction: A survey of the perspectives of obstetricians and gynaecologists. Sexual Health, 13(3), 234–240. https://doi.org/10.1071/SH15187

McInturff, K. (2016). The best and worst places to be a woman in Canada 2016: The gender gap in Canada’s 25 biggest cities [PDF]. Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2016/10/Best_and_Worst_Places_to_Be_a_Woman2016.pdf

McPhillips, K., Braun, V., & Gavey, N. (2001). Defining (hetero)sex: How imperative is the “coital imperative”? Women’s Studies International Forum, 24(2), 229–240. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-5395(01)00160-1

Meana, M., Binik, Y. M., Khalife, S., & Cohen, D. R. (1997). Biopsychosocial profile of women with dyspareunia. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 90(4, Pt. 1), 583–589. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0029-7844(98)80136-1

MEDS Pharmacy. (n.d.). FAQ’s. Retrieved April 28, 2021, from https://www.medspharmacy.ca/faqs

Meston, C. M., Levin, R. J., Sipski, M. L., Hull, E. M., & Heiman, J. R. (2004). Women’s orgasm. Annual Review of Sex Research, 15, 173–257. http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.361.2552&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Meston, C. M., & Stanton, A. M. (2019). Understanding sexual arousal and subjective-genital arousal desynchrony in women. Nature Reviews Urology. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41585-018-0142-6

Milbrand, L. (2020). 12 things sex therapists wish you knew. Retrieved January 20, 2021, from https://www.thehealthy.com/sex/things-sex-therapists-wish-you-knew/

Miller, S. A., & Byers, E. S. (2008). An exploratory examination of the sexual intervention self-efficacy of clinical psychology graduate students. Training and Education in Professional Psychology, 2(3), 137–144. https://doi.org/10.1037/1931-3918.2.3.137

Miller, S. A., & Byers, E. S. (2009). Psychologists’ continuing education and training in sexuality. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 35(3), 206–219. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926230802716336

Miller, S. A., & Byers, E. S. (2010). Psychologists’ sexual education and training in graduate school. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 42(2), 93–100. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0018571

Mintz, L. (2015, October 4). The orgasm gap: Simple truth & sexual solutions. Psychology Today. https://www.psychologytoday.com/gb/blog/stress-and-sex/201510/the-orgasm-gap-simple-truth-sexual-solutions

Mintz, L. (2017). Becoming cliterate: Why orgasm equality matters—and how to get it. Harper Collins.

Mitchell, K. R., Geary, R., Graham, C. A., Datta, J., Wellings, K., Sonnenberg, P., Field, N., Nunns, D., Bancroft, J., Jones, K. G., Johnson, A. M., & Mercer, C. H. (2017). Painful sex (dyspareunia) in women: Prevalence and associated factors in a British population probability survey. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 124(11), 1689–1697. https://doi.org/10.1111/1471-0528.14518

Mitchell, K. R., Jones, K. G., Wellings, K., Johnson, A. M., Graham, C. A., Datta, J., Copas, A. J., Bancroft, J., Sonnenberg, P., Macdowall, W., Field, N., & Mercer, C. H. (2016). Estimating the prevalence of sexual function problems: The impact of morbidity criteria. The Journal of Sex Research, 53(8), 955–967. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2015.1089214

Moore, T. (2018). Why some women don’t masturbate. Mel. https://melmagazine.com/en-us/story/why-some-women-dont-masturbate

Moreau, C., Kågesten, A. E., & Blum, R. W. (2016). Sexual dysfunction among youth: An overlooked sexual health concern. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 1170–1170. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-3835-x

Moreira, E. D., Brock, G., Glasser, D. B., Nicolosi, A., Laumann, E. O., Paik, A., Wang, T., Gingell, C., & GSSAB Investigators’ Group. (2005). Help-seeking behaviour for sexual problems: The Global Study of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors. International Journal of Clinical Practice, 59(1), 6–16. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1742-1241.2005.00382.x

Morgan, C. (2020, February 27). Wife claims most women TOLERATE sex as an ‘obligation’ to stop their partner from ‘straying’ – but critics claim her husband must ‘not be doing it right’. Daily Mail. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-8051301/Woman-claims-mose-females-TOLERATE-sex-relationships.html

Muehlenhard, C. L., & Shippee, S. K. (2010). Men’s and women’s reports of pretending orgasm. The Journal of Sex Research, 47(6), 552–567. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490903171794

Nagoski, E. (2015). Come as you are: The surprising new science that will transform your sex life. Simon and Schuster.

Nappi, R. E., Cucinella, L., Martella, S., Rossi, M., Tiranini, L., & Martini, E. (2016). Female sexual dysfunction (FSD): Prevalence and impact on quality of life (QoL). Maturitas, 94, 87–91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.09.013

Nappi, R. E., Kingsberg, S., Maamari, R., & Simon, J. (2013). The CLOSER (CLarifying Vaginal Atrophy’s Impact On SEx and Relationships) Survey: Implications of vaginal discomfort in postmenopausal women and in male partners. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10(9), 2232–2241. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12235

Nathan, S. G. (1986). Are clinical psychology graduate students being taught enough about sexuality? A survey of doctoral programs. The Journal of Sex Research, 22(4), 520–524. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224498609551332

Nguyen, J., & Duong, H. (2020). Anatomy, abdomen and pelvis, female external genitalia. StatPearls Publishing. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK547703/

Nicolosi, A., Laumann, E. O., Glasser, D. B., Brock, G., King, R., Gingell, C., & GSSAB Investigators’ Group. (2006). Sexual activity, sexual disorders and associated help-seeking behavior among mature adults in five anglophone countries from the Global Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors (GSSAB). Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 32(4), 331–342. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926230600666469

NuGyn Inc. (n.d.-a). Eros device | NuGyn Eros-Therapy | Female sexual dysfunction. Retrieved December 11, 2017, from http://eros-therapy.com/products-page/eros-products/eros-therapy-device/

NuGyn Inc. (n.d.-b). For healthcare providers. Retrieved July 7, 2020, from https://eros-therapy.com/for-healthcare-providers/

Nusbaum, M. R. H., Helton, M. R., & Ray, N. (2004). The changing nature of women’s sexual health concerns through the midlife years. Maturitas, 49(4), 283–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2004.06.014

Nylanderlundqvist, E., & Bergdahl, J. (2003). Vulvar vestibulitis: Evidence of depression and state anxiety in patients and partners. Acta Dermato-Venereologica, 83(5), 369–373. https://doi.org/10.1080/00015550310003764

O’Connell, H. E., Eizenberg, N., Rahman, M., & Cleeve, J. (2008). The anatomy of the distal vagina: Towards unity. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 5(8), 1883–1891. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.00875.x

O’Connell, H. E., Hutson, J. M., Anderson, C. R., & Plenter, R. J. (1998). Anatomical relationship between urethra and clitoris. The Journal of Urology, 159(6), 1892–1897. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5347(01)63188-4

Oaklander, A. L., Sharma, S., Kessler, K., & Price, B. H. (2020). Persistent genital arousal disorder: A special sense neuropathy. Pain Reports, 5(1), e801-e801. https://doi.org/10.1097/PR9.0000000000000801

Oakley, S. H., Mutema, G. K., Crisp, C. C., Estanol, M. V., Kleeman, S. D., Fellner, A. N., & Pauls, R. N. (2013). Innervation and histology of the clitoral–urethal complex: A cross-sectional cadaver study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 10(9), 2211–2218. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12230

Ogletree, S. M., & Ginsburg, H. J. (2000). Kept under the hood: Neglect of the clitoris in common vernacular. Sex Roles, 43(11), 917–926. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1011093123517

OHCHR, UNAIDS, UNDP, UNECA, UNESCO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UNIFEM, & WHO. (2008). Eliminating female genital mutilation: An interagency statement. https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/43839/9789241596442_eng.pdf

Ohl, L. E. (2007). Essentials of female sexual dysfunction from a sex therapy perspective. Urologic Nursing, 27(1), 57–64. http://0-search.ebscohost.com.aupac.lib.athabascau.ca/login.aspx?direct=true&db=rzh&AN=106273025&site=eds-live (CNE Series)

Orenstein, P. (2016a). Girls & sex: Navigating the complicated new landscape (1st ed.). Harper.

Orenstein, P. (2016b, October 26). What young women believe about their own sexual pleasure [Video]. TED Conferences. https://www.ted.com/talks/peggy_orenstein_what_young_women_believe_about_their_own_sexual_pleasure?language=en

Parish, S. J., Cottler-Casanova, S., Clayton, A. H., McCabe, M. P., Coleman, E., & Reed, G. M. (2020). The evolution of the female sexual disorder/dysfunction definitions, nomenclature, and classifications: A review of DSM, ICSM, ISSWSH, and ICD. Sexual Medicine Reviews, Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2020.05.001

Parish, S. J., Goldstein, A. T., Goldstein, S. W., Goldstein, I., Pfaus, J., Clayton, A. H., Giraldi, A., Simon, J. A., Althof, S. E., Bachmann, G., Komisaruk, B., Levin, R., Spadt, S. K., Kingsberg, S. A., Perelman, M. A., Waldinger, M. D., & Whipple, B. (2016). Toward a more evidence-based nosology and nomenclature for female sexual dysfunctions—Part II. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(12), 1888–1906. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2016.09.020

Parish, S. J., Meston, C. M., Althof, S. E., Clayton, A. H., Goldstein, I., Goldstein, S. W., Heiman, J. R., McCabe, M. P., Segraves, R. T., & Simon, J. A. (2019). Toward a more evidence-based nosology and nomenclature for female sexual dysfunctions—Part III. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 16(3), 452–462. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2019.01.010

Pascoal, P. M. (2017). Directed masturbation. In A. Wenzel (Ed.), The SAGE encyclopedia of abnormal and clinical psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 1108–1110). SAGE Reference.

Pauls, R. N., Kleeman, S. D., Segal, J. L., Silva, W. A., Goldenhar, L. M., & Karram, M. M. (2005). Practice patterns of physician members of the American Urogynecologic Society regarding female sexual dysfunction: Results of a national survey. International Urogynecology Journal, 16(6), 460–467. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-005-1286-5

Peixoto, M. M., & Nobre, P. (2015). Prevalence of sexual problems and associated distress among lesbian and heterosexual women. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 41(4), 427–439. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2014.918066

Peplau, L. A., Rubin, Z., & Hill, C. T. (1977). Sexual intimacy in dating relationships. Journal of Social Issues, 33(2), 86–109. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.1977.tb02007.x

Perelman, M. A. (2009). The Sexual Tipping Point®: A mind/body model for sexual medicine. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6(3), 629–632. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2008.01177.x

Pfaus, J. G. (2009). Pathways of sexual desire. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 6(6), 1506. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2009.01309.x

Pfaus, J. G., & Jones, S. L. (2018). Central nervous system anatomy and neurochemistry. In I. Goldstein, A. H. Clayton, A. T. Goldstein, N. N. Kim, & S. A. Kingsberg (Eds.), Textbook of female sexual function and dysfunction: Diagnosis and treatment (pp. 25–52). John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

PinkCherry. (n.d.). Clitoral suction stimulator sex toys. Retrieved July 7, 2020, from https://www.pinkcherry.ca/collections/vibrators-clitoral-suction-stimulation

Planned Parenthood. (n.d.). Sexual consent. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/relationships/sexual-consent

Planned Parenthood Federation of America. (2003). Masturbation: From myth to sexual health. Contemporary Sexuality, 37(3), i–vii.

Pope Paul VI. (1968). Humanae vitae. http://w2.vatican.va/content/paul-vi/en/encyclicals/documents/hf_p-vi_enc_25071968_humanae-vitae.html

Post, M. W. M., Gianotten, W. L., Heijnen, L., Lambers, E. J. H. R., & Willems, M. (2008). Sexological competence of cifferent rehabilitation disciplines and effects of a discipline-specific sexological training. Sexuality and Disability, 26(1), 3–14. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11195-007-9068-2

Prendergast, S. A., & Rummer, E. H. (2016). Pelvic pain explained: What everyone needs to know. Rowman & Littlefield.

PSSD Canada. (n.d.). Mental health support. Retrieved May 2, 2021, from https://www.pssdcanada.ca/mentalhealthsupport

Pukall, C. (2021, March 5-7). Post-SSRI/SNRI sexual dysfunction: A review [Research presentation]. ISSWSH Annual Meeting, Dallas, TX, United States. https://www.isswshmeeting.org/2021/abstract-page?where_days=3&where_person=57

Pukall, C. F., Goldstein, A. T., Bergeron, S., Foster, D., Stein, A., Kellogg-Spadt, S., & Bachmann, G. (2016). Vulvodynia: Definition, prevalence, impact, and pathophysiological Factors. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13(3), 291–304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2015.12.021

Puppo, V. (2013). Anatomy and physiology of the clitoris, vestibular bulbs, and labia minora with a review of the female orgasm and the prevention of female sexual dysfunction. Clinical Anatomy, 26(1), 134–152. https://doi.org/10.1002/ca.22177

Quinn-Nilas, C., Milhausen, R. R., McKay, A., & Holzapfel, S. (2018). Prevalence and predictors of sexual problems among midlife Canadian adults: Results from a national survey. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 15(6), 873–879. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2018.03.086

Rape Abuse and Incest National Network. (n.d.). What consent looks like. Retrieved April 29, 2021, from https://www.rainn.org/articles/what-is-consent

Rasmussen, M. L. (2012). Pleasure/desire, sexularism and sexuality education. Sex Education, 12(4), 469–481. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681811.2012.677204

Reed, B. D., Advincula, A. P., Fonde, K. R., Gorenflo, D. W., & Haefner, H. K. (2003). Sexual activities and attitudes of women with vulvar dysesthesia. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 102(2), 325–331. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0029-7844(03)00571-4

Reed, B. D., Legocki, L. J., Plegue, M. A., Sen, A., Haefner, H. K., & Harlow, S. D. (2014). Factors associated with vulvodynia incidence. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 123(2 Pt 1), 225–231. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0000000000000066

Reed, B. D., Harlow, S. D., Sen, A., Legocki, L. J., Edwards, R. M., Arato, N., & Haefner, H. K. (2012). Prevalence and demographic characteristics of vulvodynia in a population-based sample. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 206(2), 170.e1–170.e9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajog.2011.08.012

Regnerus, M., Price, J., & Gordon, D. (2017). Masturbation and partnered sex: Substitutes or complements? Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(7), 2111–2121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-017-0975-8

Rehman, U. S., Fallis, E. E., & Byers, E. S. (2013). Sexual satisfaction in heterosexual women. In D. Castañeda (Ed.), The essential handbook of women’s sexuality (Vol. 1, pp. 25–45). Praeger.

Reisman, Y. (2017). Sexual consequences of post-SSRI Syndrome. Sexual Medicine Reviews, 5(4), 429–433. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sxmr.2017.05.002

Reissing, E. D., Binik, Y. M., Khalif, S., Cohen, D., & Amsel, R. (2003). Etiological correlates of vaginismus: Sexual and physical abuse, sexual knowledge, sexual self-schema, and relationship adjustment. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 29(1), 47–59. https://doi.org/10.1080/713847095

Reissing, E. D., & Di Giulio, G. (2010). Practicing clinical psychologists’ provision of sexual health care services. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 41(1), 57–63. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0017023

Richters, J., de Visser, R., Rissel, C., & Smith, A. (2006). Sexual practices at last heterosexual encounter and occurrence of orgasm in a national survey. The Journal of Sex Research, 43(3), 217–226. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224490609552320

Richters, J., de Visser, R. O., Badcock, P. B., Smith, A. M. A., Rissel, C., Simpson, J. M., & Grulich, A. E. (2014). Masturbation, paying for sex, and other sexual activities: The Second Australian Study of Health and Relationships. Sexual Health, 11(5), 461–471. https://doi.org/10.1071/SH14116

Robinson, D. B., MacLaughlin, V., & Poole, J. (2019). Sexual health education outcomes within Canada’s elementary health education curricula: A summary and analysis. The Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality, 28(3), 243–256. https://doi.org/10.3138/cjhs.2018-0036

Roos, A.-M., Thakar, R., Sultan, A. H., & Scheer, I. (2009). Female sexual dysfunction: Are urogynecologists ready for it? International Urogynecology Journal, 20(1), 89–101. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00192-008-0735-3

Rosen, R. C., & Barsky, J. L. (2006). Normal sexual response in women. Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics of North America, 33(4), 515–526. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ogc.2006.09.005

Rosen, R. C., Connor, M. K., Miyasato, G., Link, C., Shifren, J. L., Fisher, W. A., Derogatis, L. R., & Schobelock, M. J. (2012). Sexual desire problems in women seeking healthcare: A novel study design for ascertaining prevalence of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in clinic-based samples of U.S. women. Journal of Women’s Health, 21(5), 505–515. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2011.3002

Rosen, R. C., Kountz, D., Post‐Zwicker, T., Leiblum, S., & Wiegel, M. (2006). Sexual communication skills in residency training: The Robert Wood Johnson Model. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 3, 37–46. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2005.00135.x

Rubin, R., King, S., Winter, A., Minton, J., Gagnon, C., & Goldstein, I. (2017). In office treatment of clitorodynia: Lysis of clitoral adhesions to adjacent skin following dorsal nerve block. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 14(6), e362. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2017.04.037

Rubin, R. S. [@rachelsrubin1]. (2017, February 26). #urologists treat phimosis.Who examines and treats female prepucial issues? #whoownstheclitoris @AmerUrological @jsexmed @ISSWSH @ISSM_INFO [Tweet].  Retrieved October 5, 2020, from https://twitter.com/rachelsrubin1/status/835884232593522689

Rxisk. (2019, April 1). Assisted dying: Going gentle or not so gentle. RxISK Blog. https://rxisk.org/assisted-dying-going-gentle-or-not-so-gentle/

Sackett, S., Gates, E., Heckman-Stone, C., Kobus, A. M., & Galask, R. (2001). Psychosexual aspects of vulvar vestibulitis. The Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 46(6), 593–598.

Sadownik, L. A. (2000). Clinical profile of vulvodynia patients. A prospective study of 300 patients. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 45(8), 679–684. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Leslie_Sadownik/publication/12335011_Clinical_profile_of_vulvodynia_patients_A_prospective_study_of_300_patients/links/5ae7661f0f7e9b837d392b96/Clinical-profile-of-vulvodynia-patients-A-prospective-study-of-300-patients.pdf

Sadownik, L. A., Seal, B. N., & Brotto, L. A. (2012). Provoked vestibulodynia: A qualitative exploration of women’s experiences. British Columbia Medical Journal, 54(1). https://www.bcmj.org/sites/default/files/public/BCMJ_54_Vol1_provoked.pdf

Sadownik, L. A., Smith, K. B., Hui, A., & Brotto, L. A. (2017). The impact of a woman’s dyspareunia and its treatment on her intimate partner: A qualitative analysis. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 43(6), 529–542. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2016.1208697

Safarinejad, M. R. (2006). Female sexual dysfunction in a population-based study in Iran: prevalence and associated risk factors. International Journal of Impotence Research, 18(4), 382–395. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901440

Salisbury, C. M. A., & Fisher, W. A. (2013). “Did you come?” A qualitative exploration of gender differences in beliefs, experiences, and concerns regarding female orgasm occurrence during heterosexual sexual interactions. The Journal of Sex Research, 51(6), 616–631. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224499.2013.838934

Sánchez-Fuentes, M. d. M., Santos-Iglesias, P., & Sierra, J. C. (2014). A systematic review of sexual satisfaction. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 14(1), 67–75. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1697-2600(14)70038-9

Sand, M., & Fisher, W. A. (2007). Women’s endorsement of models of female sexual response: The nurses’ sexuality study. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 4(3), 708–719. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1743-6109.2007.00496.x

Sansone, R. A., & Wiederman, M. W. (2000). Sexuality training for psychiatry residents: A national survey of training directors. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 26(3), 249–256. https://doi.org/10.1080/00926230050084641

Scott, K. (2019). The best and worst places to be a woman in Canada 2019: The gender gap in Canada’s 25 biggest cities [PDF]. https://www.policyalternatives.ca/sites/default/files/uploads/publications/National%20Office/2019/03/Best%20and%20Worst%20Places%20to%20Be%20a%20Woman%202019.pdf

Segnini, I., & Kukkonen, T. M. (2005). Psychological management of arousal disorders. In I. Goldstein, C. M. Meston, S. Davis, & A. Traish (Eds.), Women’s sexual function and dysfunction: Study, diagnosis and treatment (pp. 127–144). CRC Press.

Sex and U. (n.d.). What is consent? https://www.sexandu.ca/consent/what-is-consent/

Sex Information & Education Council of Canada. (2019). Canadian guidelines for sexual health education. http://sieccan.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/SIECCAN-Canadian-Guidelines-for-Sexual-Health-Education.pdf

Sex Information & Education Council of Canada. (2020). Questions & answers: Sexual health education in schools and other settings. http://sieccan.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/08/Questions-and-Answers-Sexual-Health-Education-in-Schools-and-Other-Settings.pdf

Sexplanations. (2015, July 23). How to choose a professional [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LCxI-HoDewM

Sharma, J. B., & Kalra, B. (2016). Female sexual dysfunction: Assessment. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association, 66(5), 623–626. http://jpma.org.pk/PdfDownload/7759.pdf

Sheppard, C., Hallam-Jones, R., & Wylie, K. (2008). Why have you both come? Emotional, relationship, sexual and social issues raised by heterosexual couples seeking sexual therapy (in women referred to a sexual difficulties clinic with a history of vulval pain). Sexual and Relationship Therapy, 23(3), 217–226. https://doi.org/10.1080/14681990802227974

Shifren, J. L., Johannes, C. B., Monz, B. U., Russo, P. A., Bennett, L., & Rosen, R. (2009). Help-seeking behavior of women with self-reported distressing sexual problems. Journal of Women’s Health, 18(4), 461–468. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2008.1133

Shifren, J. L., Monz, B. U., Russo, P. A., Segreti, A., & Johannes, C. B. (2008). Sexual problems and distress in United States women: Prevalence and correlates. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 112(5), 970–978. https://doi.org/10.1097/AOG.0b013e3181898cdb

Simon, J. A. (2020, March 5-8). How the US government and the media conspired to convince women that menopausal hormone therapy was dangerous [Conference session]. ISSWSH Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, United States. https://www.isswshmeeting.org/2020/program

Smith, K. B., & Pukall, C. F. (2014). Sexual function, relationship adjustment, and the relational impact of pain in male partners of women with provoked vulvar pain. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 11(5), 1283–1293. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsm.12484

Solursh, D. S., Ernst, J. L., Lewis, R. W., Prisant, L. M., Mills, T. M., Solursh, L. P., Jarvis, R. G., & Salazar, W. H. (2003). The human sexuality education of physicians in North American medical schools. International Journal of Impotence Research, 15(S5), S41–S45. https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijir.3901071

Spolia, T. (2016, February 16). Myth: Girls don’t masturbate. The Gazette. https://westerngazette.ca/culture/myth-girls-dont-masturbate/article_53f28b68-2f15-11e9-9664-6ff49b961a4f.html

Stanford. (2007, December 12). What our mothers never taught us: Changes in female sexual function throughout the lifespan [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nlP5rY2pfG0

Statistics Canada. (2013). National household survey (NHS) profile, 2011 (Catalogue no. 99-004-XWE). http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/index.cfm?Lang=E

Stein, A. (2009). Heal Pelvic Pain: The Proven Stretching, Strengthening, and Nutrition. McGraw-Hill.

Sutherland, O. (2012). Qualitative analysis of heterosexual women’s experience of sexual pain and discomfort. Journal of Sex & Marital Therapy, 38(3), 223–244. https://doi.org/10.1080/0092623X.2011.606880

Taylor, R. B. (2001). Please don’t call me ‘provider’. American Family Physician, 63(12), 2340–2343. https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0615/p2340.html

TEDx Talks. (2016a, October 29). The pleasure principle: The secret to a better sex life | Laurie Betito | TEDxMontrealWomen [Video]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lnigGtrwAfs

TEDx Talks. (2016b, December 13). Women’s sexuality isn’t ‘complicated’ | Sarah Barmak | TEDxToronto [Video file]. YouTube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cQqmMVOsriI

TENGA, OCW, & PSB. (2019). TENGA 2019 self-pleasure report: How Americans masturbate and its role in self-care. http://www.feelmore.global/wp-content/uploads/2019/05/us_report.pdf

The Alan Guttmacher Institute. (1994). Uneven and unequal: Insurance coverage and reproductive health services. Author.

The Asexual Visibility & Education Network. (n.d.-a). Asexuals and attitudes toward sex. Retrieved June 10, 2020 from https://www.asexuality.org/?q=attitudes.html

The Asexual Visibility & Education Network. (n.d.-b). Overview. Retrieved June 10, 2020, from https://www.asexuality.org/?q=overview.html

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (1995, September 23). The family: A proclamation to the world. https://www.churchofjesuschrist.org/study/scriptures/the-family-a-proclamation-to-the-world/the-family-a-proclamation-to-the-world?lang=eng

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. (2011). For the strength of youth [PDF]. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. https://www.lds.org/bc/content/shared/content/english/pdf/ForTheStrengthOfYouth-eng.pdf

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. (2018a, September 1). Alberta – LDS statistics and church facts. Retrieved September 16, 2020, from https://news-ca.churchofjesuschrist.org/facts-and-statistics/province/alberta

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. (2018b, September 1). Canada – LDS statistics and church facts. Retrieved September 16, 2020, from https://news-ca.churchofjesuschrist.org/facts-and-statistics/country/canada

The SexMed Advocate [@SexMedAdvocate]. (2020, June 17). ❌ Please don’t tell a female patient that she doesn’t need surgery right now to fix her vulvar PAIN…because she [GIF attached; Tweet]. Twitter. Retrieved June 17, 2020, from https://twitter.com/SexMedAdvocate/status/1273273369232900096

The SexMed Advocate [@SexMedAdvocate]. (2021). A depressing thread popped up today in one of the #vestibulodynia support groups. Patients are saying how many years, doctors [Tweet].  Retrieved March 3, 2021, from https://twitter.com/SexMedAdvocate/status/1367196802793963520

The Vatican. (n.d.). Catechism of the Catholic Church. Part three: Life in Christ. Section two: The ten commandmaents. Chapter two: “You shall love your neighbour as yourself.” Article 6: The sixth commandment. http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p3s2c2a6.htm

Things I Learned Researching Sex [@Things1Learned]. (2021, March 7). Dr. Irwin Goldstein of @SDSexualMed responded: We are also studying #PSSD – the key to us is that despite the #anxiety [Tweet].  https://twitter.com/Things1Learned/status/1368644181564948481

Thomas, H. N., & Thurston, R. C. (2016). A biopsychosocial approach to women’s sexual function and dysfunction at midlife: A narrative review. Maturitas, 87, 49–60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2016.02.009

Thomtén, J. (2014). Living with genital pain: Sexual function, satisfaction, and help-seeking among women living in Sweden. Scandinavian Journal of Pain, 5(1), 19–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sjpain.2013.10.002

Tight Lipped [@TightLippedPod]. (2021, April 5). My vagina hurts | as a gynecologist, this is outside my scope | Your bill is 60,000 [Tweet].  https://twitter.com/TightLippedPod/status/1379190916800466971

Tolman, D. L. (1994). Doing desire: Adolescent girls’ struggles for/with sexuality. Gender & Society, 8(3), 324–342. https://doi.org/10.1177/089124394008003003

TVO. (2007, July 1). Elisabeth Lloyd on the case of the female orgasm [Video]. Big Ideas. https://www.tvo.org/video/archive/elisabeth-lloyd-on-the-case-of-the-female-orgasm

Tyagi, V., Scordo, M., Yoon, R. S., Liporace, F. A., & Greene, L. W. (2017). Revisiting the role of testosterone: Are we missing something? Reviews in Urology, 19(1), 16–24. https://doi.org/10.3909/riu0716

van Lankveld, J. J., Weijenborg, P. T., & ter Kuile, M. M. (1996). Psychologic profiles of and sexual function in women with vulvar vestibulitis and their partners. Obstetrics and Gynecology, 88(1), 65–70. https://www.academia.edu/1828260/Psychologic_profiles_of_and_sexual_function_in_women_with_vulvar_vestibulitis_and_their_partners

Vancouver Coastal Health. (n.d.). BC Centre for Sexual Medicine (BCCSM) – VGH Hospital. Retrieved October 6, 2020, from http://www.vch.ca/Locations-Services/result?res_id=353

Verrastro, V., Saladino, V., Petruccelli, F., & Eleuteri, S. (2020). Medical and health care professionals’ sexuality education: State of the art and recommendations. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(7), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17072186

Volpe, A. (2019, April 22). The enduring myth of ‘complicated’ female sexuality. Elemental. https://elemental.medium.com/the-enduring-myth-of-complicated-female-sexuality-736db9233fd0

Vulvar Healing [@healingvulva]. (2021, March 25). Enough said [Instagram image].  Retrieved March 25, 2021, from https://www.instagram.com/p/CM1IoYkAxrC/

Wade, L. D., Kremer, E. C., & Brown, J. (2005). The incidental orgasm: The presence of clitoral knowledge and the absence of orgasm for women. Women & Health, 42(1), 117–138. https://doi.org/10.1300/j013v42n01_07

Wallin, P. (1960). A study of orgasm as a condition of women’s enjoyment of intercourse. The Journal of Social Psychology, 51(1), 191–198. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224545.1960.9922028

Waterman, C. K., & Chiauzzi, E. J. (1982). The role of orgasm in male and female sexual enjoyment. The Journal of Sex Research, 18(2), 146–159. https://doi.org/10.1080/00224498209551145

Weerakoon, P., & Stiernborg, M. (1996). Sexuality education for health care professionals: A critical review of the literature. Annual Review of Sex Research, 7(1), 181–217. http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=a9h&AN=9705250162&site=ehost-live&scope=site

Wetzel, G. (2018, February 3). Let’s talk about sex: The reality of the sexual pleasure disparity [Video]. TEDxStLawrenceU. https://www.ted.com/talks/grace_wetzel_let_s_talk_about_sex_the_reality_of_the_sexual_pleasure_disparity/transcript?language=en

White, G., & Jantos, M. (1998). Sexual behavior changes with vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. Journal of Reproductive Medicine, 43(9), 783–789.

Wiederman, M. W., & Sansone, R. A. (1999). Sexuality training for professional psychologists: A national survey of training directors of doctoral programs and predoctoral internships. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 30(3), 312–317. https://doi.org/10.1037//0735-7028.30.3.312

Winston, S. (2010). Women’s anatomy of arousal. Mango Garden Press.

Wojnarowska, F. (1997). Psychological characteristics and outcome of patients attending a clinic for vulval disease. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, 8(2), 121–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0926-9959(96)00574-0

World Health Organization. (2006). Defining sexual health: Report of a technical consultation on sexual health, January 28-31, 2002, Geneva. https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/topics/gender_rights/defining_sexual_health/en/

World Health Organization. (2018). International classification of diseases for mortality and morbidity statistics. https://icd.who.int/

World Health Organization, & UNFPA. (2010). Measuring sexual health: Conceptual and practical considerations and related indicators [PDF]. https://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/monitoring/who_rhr_10.12/en/

Wright, J. J., & O’Connor, K. M. (2015). Female sexual dysfunction. The Medical Clinics of North America, 99(3), 607–628. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mcna.2015.01.011

Xie, Y., Shi, L., Xiong, X., Wu, E., Veasley, C., & Dade, C. (2012). Economic burden and quality of life of vulvodynia in the United States. Current Medical Research & Opinion, 28(4), 601–608. https://doi.org/10.1185/03007995.2012.666963

Yee, B. Y. (2019). Time to stop labeling physicians as providers. Forbes. https://www.forbes.com/sites/brucelee/2019/05/05/time-to-stop-labeling-physicians-as-providers/

Yule, M. A., Brotto, L. A., & Gorzalka, B. B. (2017). Sexual fantasy and masturbation among asexual individuals: An in-depth exploration. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 46(1), 311–328. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10508-016-0870-8

Zippan, N., Stephenson, K. R., & Brotto, L. A. (2020). Feasibility of a brief online psychoeducational intervention for women with sexual interest/arousal disorder. The Journal of Sexual Medicine, 17(11), 2208–2219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsxm.2020.07.086

%d bloggers like this: